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Ashraf al Mufassirin Hakim al Ummah Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Ashrafi Nayimi Badayuni

Posted on November 21, 2012 at 3:55 PM

MUFTI AHMAD YAAR KHAN ASHRAFI NAYIMI

 

(1324-1391 A.H / 1906-1971 C.E)

 

The famous Mufassir, genius Faqih and erudite Muhaddith of the Indian subcontinent Hakeem ul Ummat Ashraf ul Mufassirin Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan Nayimi Ashrafi Quadri Hanafi Badayuni bin Shaykh Muhammad Yaar Khan Badayuni was born in 1324 A.H / 1906 C.E at Awjhani, near the North Indian city of Badayun. His father Mawlana Yaar Khan was the Murid (disciple) of Shaykh ul Mashaikh Sayyid Ali Husayn Ashrafi Quadri Chishti Kichochavi (1266-1355 A.H / 1849-1936 C.E).

 

 

Education

 

Hakim ul Ummat acquired basic Persian and Arabic learning under his father and then joined Madrasa Shams ul Ulum, Badayun in 1916 C.E and continued learning here till 1919 C.E. During these same years he visited Bareily to meet Imam ul Huda Ahmad Raza Khan Quadri Muhaddith Bareilvi. Mufti Ahmad Yaar himself narrates the incident as follows “My age at that time was somewhere between 10-12 years and I was staying at Badayun. During those days 27th Rajab was approaching and at Ala’ Hazrat’s place (in Bareily) the preparations for ‘Mairaj un Nabi’ were at its height. Ala’ Hazrat used to order special arrangements under his supervision for this ceremony. Due to his busy engagements and tight schedule, it was difficult to meet him, but somehow we were fortunate enough in seeing him in one of the gatherings”.

 

Regarding his educational experiences he says, “I studied under Deobandi scholars for quite some time and under their influence I began to think that excellence and greatness in (Islamic) Research can only be found in this particular group...But I met Sadr ul Afazil Sayyid Nayimuddin Muradabadi and he gave me a monologue of Ala’ Hazrat titled ‘Ataya ul Qadeer fi Hukm ul Tasvir’ for reading.. and my fascination for its content found no bonds and limits. When I further carefully studied this book I began to think about the author and was captivated by his Scholarly Expertise and Timely Insight... The Truth is that this book completely changed my Psychological and Doctrinal world and brought a revolution in it.”

 

Hakeem ul Ummat joined Madrasa Islamiya in 1920 or so but when he came to know about its affiliation with the Wahhabiya school Dar ul Ulum Deoband, he left the Madrasa and migrated to join Jamiya Nayimiya, Muradabad.

 

Jamiya Nayimiya was the largest Ahl us Sunnah Madrasa in Northern India; it had the distinction of having some of the greatest scholars of Ahl us Sunnah in its faculties. Sadr ul Afazil Sayyid Nayimuddin Ashrafi Muradabadi (1300-1367 A.H / 1883-1948 C.E) taught him for some time but he soon became busy with the National affairs of Indian Muslims, therefore he sent for Shaykh Mushtaq Ahmad Kanpuri Naqshbandi Quadri (d.1360 A.H / 1941 C.E), the son of Shaykh Ahmad Hasan Kanpuri (d.1322 A.H / 1903 C.E), the Khalifa of Shaykh ul Mashaikh Haji Imdadullah Chishti Muhajir Makki (1223-1318 A.H / 1817-1899 C.E) to teach at Jamiya Nayimiya.

 

Sadr ul Ulama Mushtaq Ahmad Kanpuri shifted to Merut. Hakeem ul Ummat with the permission of Sadr ul Afazil also went to Merut to complete his studies under his teacher at Merut. In 1344 A.H / 1925 C.E, Hakeem ul Ummat Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan finished his studies and Sadr ul Afazil tied a Turban at a Convocation Ceremony in Merut.

 

 

Baiyah and Khilafah

 

Hakeem ul Ummat took Baiyah at the hands of Sadr ul Afazil Sayyid Nayimuddin Muradabadi in the Quadriya Chistiya Ashrafiya tariqah and also received Khilafah in the same tariqahs from Sadr ul Afazil and Shabiha Ghawth al A’zam Shaykh ul Mashaikh Makhdum ul Awliya Sayyid Ali Husayn Ashrafi Jilani Kichochavi who is famously known as Ala’ Hazrat Ashrafi Miyan.

 

 

His Services at various Islamic Universities and Students

 

Hakeem ul Ummat taught and gave Fatawa at Jamiya Nayimiya until he was sent to Madrasa Miskiniyawhere he taught for 9 years. Shaykh ul Mashaikh Sayyid Ali Husayn Ashrafi invited him to teach atMadrasa Ashrafiya, Kichocha where he served for 3 years and received Khilafah in the Ashrafiya tariqah. It was here that Hakeem ul Ummat began to have close relationship with Shaykh ul Mashaikh Sayyid Ali Husayn Ashrafi that the respected Shaykh made a Will at the time of his demise that Hakeem ul Ummat should also take part in his Funeral bath.

 

Mufti al A’zam Pakistan Sayyid Abul Barakat Ahmad Quadri Ashrafi (d.1397 A.H / 1978 C.E) invited Hakeem ul Ummat Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Ashrafi Nayimi to teach at Dar ul Ulum Khuddam ul Sufiya, Gujrat and then Jamiya Anjuman Khuddam ul Rasul, Gujrat and he served both the Madrasas for 13 and 10 years respectfully. Six years before his demise he began teaching at Jamiya Ghawthiya Nayimiya, Gujrat. In all Hakeem ul Ummat gave lessons in Fiqh, Hadith and Tafsir for 46 years raising and guiding some of the finest scholars of Ahl us Sunnah wal Jamah. Hakeem ul Ummat indirectly raised more students with his outstanding books than perhaps any scholar in recent times, his works continue to benefit even the most proficient scholars and not to mention hundreds of common people who discover new beams of salvation, textual proofs in support of Ahl us Sunnah which save them from the Heretical sects and make them firmly adhere to the Path and Aqidah of Ahl us Sunnah wal Jamah. Among his students are::::::

 

1.. Imam Ahl us Sunnah Sarkar e Kalan Sayyid Mukhtar Ashraf Ashrafi Jilani Kichochavi.

 

2.. Shaykh Mufti Muhammad Husayn Nayimi Ashrafi, Lahore.

 

3.. Shaykh Aley Hasan Ashrafi Nayimi Sambhali, Muradabad.

 

4.. Shaykh Sahibzadah Mufti Mukhtar Ahmad Khan Nayimi Ashrafi, elder son of Hakeem ul Ummat.

 

5.. Shaykh Sahibzadah Mufti Ikhtidar Ahmad Khan Nayimi Ashrafi, younger son of Hakeem ul Ummat and author of the famous Fatawa compendium ‘Fatawa Nayimiya’ or ‘Al Ataya ul Ahmadiya fi Fatawa ul Nayimiya’ in 5 Volumes.

 

6.. Shaykh Abdul Karim Nayimi, Bangladesh.

 

7.. Shaykh Abdul Qadeer Nayimi, Chittong, Bangladesh.

 

8.. Shaykh Mufti Qazi Abdul Nabi Kawkab Nayimi.

 

9.. Shaykh ul Quran wal Hadith Mufti Ghulam Ali Okarvi Ashrafi Nayimi.

 

10.Shaykh Liyaqat Husayn Nayimi, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

11.Shaykh Muhammad Idris Nayimi, Mauritius.

 

and many others.

 

 

Demise

 

Hakeem ul Ummat Mufti Ahamd Yaar Khan passed away in Gujarat on 3rd Ramadhan ul Mubarak 1391 A.H / 1971 C.E. Mufti al A’zam Pakistan Abul Barakat Sayyid Ahmad Quadri Ashrafi led the Funeral prayer (Namaz al Janazah) and he was buried in a room where he gave Dars al Quran for many years.

 

 

Bibliography of his works

 

1.. Tafsir al Nayimi al Ma’ruf ‘ASHRAF ul TAFASIR’ : This is the Magnum opus work of Hakeem ul Ummat Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Nayimi Badayuni in Urdu and largest ever from the pen of a Scholar from the Indian subcontinent. The Tafsir was started in 1363 A.H / 1943 C.E and the Exegation of first 10 parts of the Glorious Quran was completed in 10 Volumes of approximately spanning 900-1000 pages each! He continued with the Tafsir of 11th part until he had completed the Tafsir of Verse # 62 of Surah Yunus (10) in which Allah Almighty says >> “Listen carefully! No doubt, there is no fear nor any grief upon the Friends of Allah (Awliya Allah)”. Hakeem ul Ummat lived for some days after completing the Tafsir of the above mentioned Ayah and passed away leaving the Tafsir work incomplete.

 

Tafsir al Nayimi is classed among the highest category of Tafsirs, defined by scholars as ‘Tafsir bil Riwayah’ (Exegesis by Transmission). The Translation of Quranic verses in Tafsir al Nayimi is taken from Imam ul Huda Ahmad Raza Khan Muhaddith’s Urdu translation of Quran titled ‘Kanz ul Iman’. Hakeem ul Ummat writes that this Tafsir is primarily based upon the following sources and reference Tafasirs such as Tafsir Ruh ul Bayan (Arabic) by Shaykh Ismail Haqqi bin Mustafa Hanafi (d.1137 A.H), Tafsir al Kabir (Arabic) by Imam Fakhruddin Razi Shafai (d.606 A.H / 1210 C.E), Tafsir al Azizi (Persian) by Imam ul Muhaddithin Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Hanafi Dehlavi (1159-1239 A.H / 1748-1823 C.E), Tafsir Madarik al Tanzil (Arabic) by Imam Abdullah bin Ahmad Nasafi Hanafi (d.710 A.H / 1302 C.E), Tafsir Muhyuddin Ibn al Arabi (Arabic/Tasawwuf) by Shaykh al Akbar Muhyuddin Ibn al Arabi Shafai Andulusi (d.638 A.H / 1240 C.E) and Tafsir Khazayin ul Irfan (Urdu) by Sadr ul Afazil Sayyid Nayimuddin Quadri Ashrafi Hanafi Muradabadi (1300-1367 A.H / 1883-1948 C.E).

 

Hakeem ul Ummat Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Nayimi starts the Tafsir by explaining the differences between T’awil (Interpretation or explanation by Reasoning), Tafsir (Exegetion) and Tahrif (Textual Manipulation). He also explains the differences between a Mawlvi or Mawlana and a Sufi.

 

The Tafsir has some unique qualities such as:

 

1.> The relation of the Ayah explained and interpreted with that of the previous Ayah is discussed in detail.

 

2.> The ‘Shan al Nuzul’ or ‘Asbab ul Nuzul’ (The Reasons for Revelation) of Ayahs are explained in simple and easy style.

 

3.> The Tafsir is explained and interpreted both at length and in depth and also in a concise manner so that it may benefit both the groups i.e the ones wanting a detail interpretation and the ones who require a short and concise Tafsir.

 

4.> The Tafsir also includes Sufi exegetion so that people may derive the right meaning from a given Ayah of the Holy Quran.

 

5.> The Ayah which are related with Fiqh and Ahkam are interpreted extensively and the Shariah Laws derived from such verses are explained in a easy and precise manner according to Fiqh al Hanafi.

 

6.> The Tafsir is based upon the Matrudi Aqidah of Ahlus Sunnah and contains answers and refutations of almost all the major Heretical Sects of Islam such as the Muta’zilah, Rawafiz, Khawarij, Ismailiya, Mahdaviya, the modern day Khawarij i.e the Wahhabiya and its sub sects like the La Madhabiya (Ahe Hadith), Ishaqiya, Deobandiya, Nadwiya, Naychariya, Ahle Quran and most importantly the Ahmadiya or Qadiyaniya sect. The Tafsir also contains refutations and answers to the false allegations on Islam by Judaism, Christianity, Buddhism, Jainism, Communism and the Arya Samajamong the Hindu fundamentalists. The Arya Samaj wrote a book ‘Satya Prakash’ forwarding Hinduismas the greatest religion and attacking Islam in the 14th chapter of the book. Hakeem ul Ummat wrote excellent answers to the allegations and their misunderstandings of Sacred Islamic Law {‘Shariyah’}.

 

Shaykh Mufti Ikhtidar Ahmad Khan Quadri Nayimi, the younger son of Hakeem ul Ummat has until now completed the Tafsir till the 18th part of the Quran according to the format and principles laid down by his erudite father. We pray to Allah Almighty with the Wasilah of His Beloved Prophet Muhammad that he grant Mufti Ikhtidar Khan enough strength and high spirits to complete the Tafsir as soon as possible and May Allah, the Most High protect him.

 

2.. Nayim al Bari fi Sharh Sahih al Bukhari: The commentary of the famous Hadith book Sahih al Bukhari of Imam Muhammad bin Ismail Bukhari (194-256 A.H) in Arabic language. This is still unpublished.

 

3.. Mirat ul Manajih fi Sharh Mishkat ul Masabih: The commentary and annotation of the famous Hadith manual Mishkat ul Masabih of Imam Walyuddin Muhammad bin Abdullah Khatib Tibrizi (d.740 A.H) in Urdu. This Sharh is in 8 Volumes and is available in the market. It first appeared in 1378 A.H / 1958 C.E. The commentary is full of extraordinary, excellent and extensive notes on Aqidah, Fiqh al Hanafi, Tasawwuf, Fazail and Biographies of Sahaba, Tabayin, Taba Tabayin and detail discussion on Asma ur Rijal and the status of each Hadith as Sahih, Hasan, Zaeef, Mutawatir, Ahad, Mursal excetra. Its chronological name is ‘Zul Mirat’.

 

4.. Nur ul Irfan Tafsir Kanz ul Iman: Another Tafsir work of Hakeem ul Ummat on the lines ofTafsir Khazayin ul Irfan by Sadr ul Afazil Sayyid Nayimuddin Ashrafi Muradabadi and is published in the Marginalia of Imam ul Akbar Ahmad Raza Khan’s Urdu translation of Quran ‘Kanz ul Iman’.

 

5.. Jaa’al Haq wa Zahak al Batil: The title of this book was extracted from the Quranic verse of Surah al Bani Israel (17), Verse # 81 which proclaims >>”And say,’ The Truth has come and Falsehood has vanished’. Undoubtedly Falsehood is certain to vanish”.

 

Jaa’ al Haq is one of the most famous books of Ahl us Sunnah in the subcontinent. It was commenced on Monday, 3rd Ramadan in 1361 A.H / 1941 C.E and was unbelievingly in 3 months that to on Monday. Masha’ Allah! The book was started and completed on the day of the Beloved Rasul Allah’s Milad. The book contains superb proofs in support of Ahl us Sunnah, their Doctrine and Practices. Hakeem ul Ummat brings about the most authentic and irrefutable answers to the commonly raised questions of the Wahhabiya and Deobandiya. He at first gives ample proof and evidence from the Holy Quran, The authentic Hadith and the Ijma of the Salaf on a particular Aqidah {Doctrine} or Practice and then goes on to refute and answer the questions of the Wahhabiya in a simple and authorative way. This book is the summation and abridgement of most of the books of the Imams of Ahl us Sunnah written in the past on the definitive proofs of Ahl us Sunnah’s Aqidah and Practice.

 

Jaa’ al Haq was written in two parts spanning 688 pages. The first part deals with the matters of Aqidah and the second part deals with the Practices of Ahl us Sunnah and particularly the Hanafiya. The Wahhabiya frequently raise the problem of 20 Rakah of Taravih, Triple Talaq (Divorce), Rafyadayn in Salah, Loud Zikr and Collective Supplication (Dua) at the end of Salah among many other practices which are practiced by the Ahl us Sunnah in general and particularly by the Hanafiya in the subcontinent.

 

Jaa’ al Haq also includes three epistles added later on namely ‘Qahr al Kibriya bar Munkirin Asmat un Ambiya’, ‘Lama’t ul Masabih ala Raka’at ul Taravih’, ‘Salasi ul Adallah fi Hukm ul Talaq ul Salasah’.

 

6. Ilm ul Mirath: It is Hakeem ul Ummat’s first authorative book which he authored in 1352 A.H / 1932 C.E.

 

7. Shan al Habib ur Rahman min Ayat ul Quran: The Tafsir (Exegetion) of those Quranic Ayah which contain the Eulogy and Praise of the Beloved Muhammad, the Final Messenger of Allah. Written in 1361 A.H spanning 450 pages this book was extended in 1363 A.H with a special chapter on Awliya and Shuhada.

 

8. Islami Zindagi: An excellent work on the customs and traditions prevalent in the Indian subcontinent in the light of Quran and Sunnah. In this work Hakeem ul Ummat tries to uproot many common and strange customs prevailing in the society which have no base in Islam and the Sunnah of our Beloved Prophet Muhammad. This book was completed in 1363 A.H.

 

9. Saltanat ul Mustafa: This book was written in 1362 A.H spanning 80 pages on the style of Jaa’ al Haq.

 

10. Ilm ul Quran li Tarjamat ul Furqan: A magnificent book on the ethics and principles of Quranic translation and correction of some of the most careless translations of the Holy Quran in Urdu promoted by the various sects of Islam. It was written in 1371 A.H spanning 200 pages.

 

11. Risalah ul Nur: An excellent research book on the Beloved Prophet being Nur (Light), written in 1375 A.H spanning 70 pages. It contains detail documentation from the well known and widely accepted authorities from the Imams of Salaf apart from Quranic Ayah and the noble authentic Prophetic Hadiths in support of the Sunni Aqidah regarding the Beloved Muhammad being Nur.

 

12. Rahmat ul Khuda ba Wasilat ul Awliya: An excellent book on the proofs of Wasilah through the Beloved Rasul Allah and Awliya Allah which was written on the style of Jaa’ al Ha.

 

13. Mawayiz ul Nayimiya: This book is in 3 parts spanning 500 pages containing essays and sermons on many topics.

 

14. Nayee’ Taqrirayn: Another excellent collection of Sermons by Hakeem ul Ummat in 150 pages.

 

15. Dars ul Quran: The Tafsir of some of the important and famous Ayahs of the Holy Quran spanning 250 pages.

 

16. Al Kalam ul Maqbul fi Taharah Nasab ir Rasul: An excellent monologue on the issue that the descendents of the Beloved Muhammad should be respected and hold special position among the Muslims in Merits and Superiority.

 

17. Asrar ul Ahkam bi Anwar ul Quran: An excellent book containing 299 Questions and Answers on various topics of Islam which are often raised by Non-Muslims and other astray sects.

 

18. Amir Mu’awiya: An excellent book containing irrefutable answers to the Shite’s (Rawafiz) and 'Tafziliya's criticism of Amir Muawiya and his tenure as Khalifah.

 

19. Safar Namah Iran,Iraq,Sham wa Hijaz: Details of his travels and Ziyarah through the blessed lands of Iran, Iraq and the Haramayn i.e. Makkah al Mukarrama and Madinah al Munawwarah.

 

20. Safar Namah Hijaz: Hakeem ul Ummat’s travelogue of Hijaz al Muqaddus.

 

21. Fatawa Nayimiya: This collection of his Fatawa has been published recently in one slim volume by Maktaba Jame Noor, New Delhi,India.

 

22. Diwan us Salik: Collection his poetry and eulogies in praise of Allah Almighty , the Beloved Muhammad and Awliya Allah.

 

Biography Translated and Edited by

 

Basharath Ali Siddiqui Quadri Ashrafi

 

19th Ramadan 1427 A.H.

 

12th October 2006 C.E, Thursday.

 

Ashrafiya Islamic Foundation,

 

Hyderabad, India.

 

Sources: Shaykh Sadr ul Ulama Muhammd Ahmad Quadri Misbahi’s Biographical note on Hakeem ul Ummat Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Nayimi at the end of 1st Volume of ‘Mirat ul Manajih fi Sharh Mishkat ul Masabih’, published by Idara Istiqamat, Kanpur, India. Another excellent and detail biography is by Shaykh Qazi Abdul Nabi Kawkab Nayimi titled ‘Hayat e Salik’ upon which all the other biographies are based.

Categories: Biographies

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